M32's travel and hibernation behavior are consistent season to season, and it is surprising that he was never found during the prior 6 seasons while tracking many other south slope residents. He was observed meeting and mating many times. This turtle can be aggressive when being handled and bites when given the opportunity. There are no other aggressive turtles in this population. M32's primary activity area is 19.1 acres (8 hectares), which is also his home range in this case.
M34, 160 grams A 7 year old juvenile that was found 5/28/15 crossing the road. Where he was coming from and what he was doing on the road is a mystery. Turtles of this young age are unlikely to be travelling far for the purpose of mating.
Apparently, when found, he was released on the wrong side of the road, as he crossed a few days after release, and spent the remainder of the summer in the meadow and forest edge, until being lost on 9/30/15. M34 was tracked 0.7 GPS miles during 4 months of the season.
M38 (Female), 521grams was found late in the 2015 season mating with M19 in the power line ROW, where she hibernated. Her emergence in 2016 was much earlier than normal for this populaton's residents. She was tracked for the 2016 season and was never observed mating.
Turtle M38 was tracked the entire 2017 season and was observed mating with M15 three times. In 2018, M38 was found using the new Cabin Meeting Area (north loop) many times along with many other turtles. Turtle M19(M) was killed in 2018, and M15(M), and M51(M) were killed in 2019: all mates of M38, so there are now few known males remaining in M38's activity area. In 2020 M38 was seen nesting in the Cabin Meeting Area, and soon crossed the ridge and, for the first time, was observed travelling downslope to the ravine bottom.
M37 (Male), Dead, 435 grams, Found in a road-cut, hit by a car near the same location where at least 2 other turtles have been found run over and killed by cars in previous years. He had a rear leg completely amputated by the car. There was little blood, and after some recovery time he was tagged and released in the woods near the location he was found.
Appearent by the route photo, he was released on the wrong side of the road, where he spent some orientation time and tried to re-cross. On 8/11 at 12.00 noon he was found dead on the road, smashed by a direct hit of a tire, on a straight and level area, on a sunny, clear, and warm day. Clearly he was attempting to cross the road, and I had released him on the wrong side of the road not knowing which direction he was heading prior to his first accident.
Turtle M36 (Female), Dead, 395 grams, a new young adult female, was found while crossing a secondary road on 6/19/15, likely either coming from or traveling to a nesting site.
After only 5 days of tracking, she was found dead, after being run over by a vehicle on the straight level stretch of road, mid morning, on a clear dry day.
I don't know if she was a resident of this population, but no one will ever know now.
M39 (Female)430 grams.Dead. This turtle was found 5/5/16, early in the season, in the middle of the private road near the spring that M19 and M4 have been found using in the past.
I suspect she may have been out of hibernation only a short time. She was radio tagged and tracked for 6 weeks before being found dead in a form in the woods with no appearent tramatic injury.
M40 (Female)435 grams, was found 6/12/16 at woods edge near the Cabin Meeting Area by the landowners. She spent a short time nearby before traveling over the top of the ridge and quickly down-slope to the bottom of the drainage and up the other side to a sheltered cove; her primary hibernation area. M40 traveled too far the 2016 season to be tracked very often during the heat wave days and was lost. GPS distance tracked:
0.8 miles in 2016 (1.0 month), 11 pts
0.2 miles in 2017 (1.5 months), 7 pts
1.4 miles in 2018, 22 pts
0.8 miles in 2019, 14 pts
1.3 miles in 2020, 19 pts
1.4 miles in 2021, 20 pts
Turtle M40 was re-found 9/18/17 while tracking M1 and M52, was re-tagged and tracked into hibernation. She was found at emergence in 2018 and has been tracked since. It appears that she generally makes a yearly trip to the Cabin Meeting Area, and then returns to her primary activity area in the adjacent drainage.
M41 (Female)460 grams, was found 7/30/16 close to M1(F) who traveled to this location from her normal south slope activity area. M41 stayed in the same general area on the north slope for the remainder of the season. M41 was found mating with M15 in the 2016, 2017 and 2018 seasons in areas where M15 had been found frequently in the past. GPS distance tracked;
0.3 miles in 2016 (3 months), 16 pts
0.5 miles in 2017, 16 pts
0.5 miles in 2018, 12 pts
0.9 miles in 2019, 24 pts
1.3 miles in 2020, 33 pts
0.5 miles in 2021, 12 pts
In 2018, M41 climbed over the top of the ridge, and was found close to M19(M) and the Cabin Meeting Area that was used by many other turtles the same year. In 2019 M41 again climbed to the top of the ridge and decended into the drainage on the other side. She spent the remainder of the season in this hollow and hibernated there. In 2020 M41 traveled back to the north-facing slope where she hibernated.
M42 (Female)510 grams, was found on 8/24/16 on the South Slope mating with M12(m). Part of her travels are located in a difficult area to track frequently. Her primary activity area appears to be the south slope used by M1(f), M12(m), M6(f) and M32(m). GPS distance tracked:
0.6 miles in 2016, (2 months), 17 points
1.5 miles in 2017, 24 points
0.3 miles in 2018, (2 1/2 months), 12 points
1.7 miles in 2019, 14 points
1.4 miles in 2020, 15 points
1.6 miles in 2021, 24 points
M42 traveled a long distance to the meadow in 2017 to nest, crossing the road twice, returning in a very large loop to her primary activity area on the south slope. She was located infrequently during the 2018 season, and was not located as she hibernated, but was located during the winter months.
In 2019, 2020, and 2021, M42 again crossed the road to travel to the meadow to nest, and crossed back safetly, and eventually traveled downslope back to her primary activity area.
M43 (Female)455 grams, Found 8/28/16 mating with M3(Male) who traveled a very long distance from his previous location to mate. M43 traveled into M9's activity area and may have met with M8 and M10 during the 2016 season. In 2018, M43 traveled a long distance, crossing 2 ridges, and spending the remainder of the season in the hollow with M15, M51, M38, and others. She also visited the Cabin Meeting Area, and was found mating with M51, and hibernated nearby. After 2019 emergence, M43 returned to her primary activity area and traveled back to the Cabin meeting area again in 2019, 2020, and 2021, but was not seen mating there in any year.
With the death ofM9(F) in 2016, another known female is welcomed in M8 and M10's activity area.
M44 (Female)480 grams, was foundon9/9/16 mating with tutle M3 who traveled a long straight route to find her. She stayed close to the found location in the woods for the remainder of the season, sometimes very close to the road.
In 2017, M44 crossed the road to nest in the meadow, and returned to her primary activity area, where she spent the remainder of the season. She moved from her first hibernation spot that season, and with no working transmitters was lost for the 2018 and subsequent seasons.
M45 (M)425 gr was foundon9/11/16 meeting with M19(M) who traveled from the top of the ridge the day before to meet M45.
M45 is an older adult with a mostly smooth carapace with indistinct annuli and a very deep concave plastron.This male is certainly a transient, and wears a message vial. He was lost June 2017. GPS distance tracked:
M46 (M), 430 grams Found 10/2/16 meeting with M10(M) . He was thought to be a likely transient, traveling through this local population. He quickly disappeared from radio range after being radio-tagged and released.
M46 was re-found in 2018 meeting with M3(M) at the same place he was found in 2016. He was radio-tagged and tracked across the south slope to the sheltered cove shared with M52, M40, M42, and others.
The route maps are probably not too representative of actual travels, as M46 was tracked to the lower part of the sheltered cove that was visited infrequently during the 2018 through all subsequent seasons.
M47(F), 390 grams Found new 10/2/16 mating with turtle M29 at the meadows edge. She climbed to the top of a high ridge where she hibernated as the weather turned cold. She emerged in December 2016, moved away from her original hibernation location, and was lost due to transmitter failure. M47 was re-found in 2017 while tracking M13, and was re-tagged and tracked for the remainer of the season. GPS distance tracked:
0.4 miles in 2016 (1 month), 7 pts
0.2 miles in 2017 (1.5 months), 9 pts
38 feet in 2018, 3 points
M47 was again re-found in 2018 and again lost with 2 transmitters, after only 3 locations were recorded. This is the tiny yellow dot on the photo to the left.
M43 2016 0.6 miles
Always Under Construction
M43 2017 1.2 miles
M44 All Years 2016 and 2017
M48 (Male), 480 grams was found meeting with turtle M13 (Male) 6/20/17 on a high ridgetop which they shared for nearly the entire summer season. Like turtle M46, M48 has exaggerated flared, rear marginal scutes, and many scutes which have grown to overlap.
M48 has made at least 2 successful road crossings (2018 and 2019) and in 2021 traveled almost to the road edge, but did not cross. He generally travels on top of the ridge, but other than looking for mates, there doesn't seem to be much pattern to his overall travel routes.
M50 (Male), 370 grams was found 8/3/17 by park employees Chuck and Steve, while crossing the road. After being radio-tagged, he quickly traveled down slope to a wooded area in the meadow where he spent most of the late summer and fall. M50 met with turtle M54(M) on 10/8/17 in a brushy unmowed corner of the meadow and on 11/4/17, re-crossed the road and quickly found a well sheltered hibernation location. GPS distance tracked;
0.5 miles in 2017, (3 months), 21 points
1.8 miles in 2018, 33 points
0.7 miles in 2019, (4 1/2 months), 16 points
1.1 miles in 2020, 15 points
1.4 miles in 2021, 14 points
In 2018, M50 made an unbelievably long trip, crossing several ridges to the top of the ridge shared with M27(M), M57(F), and others, and hibernated on a sheltered lower flat. Tracked after 2019 emergence, M50 was lost in September, but re-found already in hibernation in December. Soon after emergence in 2020, M50 climbed up and crossed the ridge into the major drainage on the other side, and was lost due to the tracking distance into the drainage, but was re-found 9/8/20, after another long trip to a far ridge.
In 2021, M50 made the very long return trip ending in the clearcut where he hibernated in 2019
M51 (Male), Dead, 520 grams was found 8/8/17, meeting with M15(M) in the power line ROW. He stayed in the area most of the remainder of the season, then moved away and hibernated in the power line ROW.
During the 2018 season, M51 was one of many turtles that utilized the man-made meeting area near the cabin site.
Turtle M51 was killed by a vehicle on a private, narrow, gravel road on 10/4/19, as he was attempting to cross. He was likely a permanent resident of Edsel Hollow, where he met with and mated with a number of other turtles: many who travelled into the hollow from other drainages
M52 (Male), 430 grams was found on 8/22/17 meeting with M42(F). M52 remained in an area difficult to access, and was tracked infrequently during the 2017 season, into hibernation.
During 2018, M52 traveled a long distance route up-slope to the first road crossing, and climbed across the very highest point on a high ridge, and down the other side to a busy highway, but did not cross, but instead, turned around and traveled nearly the same route eventually back to his original sheltered cove and into hibernation. M52 moved from his first hibernation and was lost due to a bad transmitter.
M53 (Female), 585 grams was found on 9/7/17 mating with M48 (also found new in 2017) on top of the high ridge which is appearently a primary activity area for a number of turtles. This is one of the largest turtles in this population. Primarily a ridge-top resident, M53 occasionally makes short forrays into the meadow.
M54 (Male), 420 grams found 10/8/17 meeting with M50(M) in a brushy unmowed corner in the meadow , the day after mowing was completed . It doesn't appear that either turtle is a meadow resident.
M54 may be a transient or possibly a resident of the distant south slope, but he seems to find his way around this study area very well, or at least remembers his hibernation sites and travel routes. He was found deep under soil and leaves several places between Oct 15th and Nov 28th 2017, after crossing the road.
After emergence in the spring of 2018, M54 crossed the road and spent nearly the entire season in the meadow and in the woods near the meadow and in the fall crossed back and hibernated in the south slope western cove near the area he hibernated in 2017. But in 2019 M54 didn't return to the meadow, instead he crossed the drainage, adjacent slope, and climbed up to the next ridge. He traveled most of the way back to his 2018 hibernation location before 2019 hibernation. He met withM27(m), M57(f), M51(m), and others during his 2019 forray. In 2019, 2020, and 2021 he hibernated in the same area on top of the ridge.
M49 (Female), 515 grams was found meeting on 7/15/18 in the Cabin Meeting Area, radio tagged, and released where she was found and immediately mated with turtle M51 (now dead).
Turtle M49 was originally found in 2017 on the drainage south slope, mating with M12. She was hand-carried out of the drainage and was processed, but escaped her outdoor enclosure before being radio-tagged, and was lost for the remainder of the season. The blue dot near the drainage bottom in the photo is the location of the original find of M49 in 2017.
M49 stayed on the south facing slope of the hollow for the remainder of the 2018 season, and climbed to the top of the ridge at season's end where she hibernated close to a maintained hiking trail. In 2019 she spent considerable amount of time buried in the mud of a small spring on the slope during the heat wave months, and hibernated on top of the ridge a few yards from her 2018 location.
M51 2018 3.0 miles
M43 2018 1.9 miles
M47 All Years
M51 All Years 2017 to 2019
M51 2019 2.3 miles
M43 2019 2.0 miles
M52 2017 to 2019
Eastern Box Turtle
Terrapene carolina carolina
High Elevation Study
Green Dot = Emergence, Red Dot = Hibernation, Blue Dot = NEW FIND, White Dot = Dead