Box turtle adults are being killed and removed from natural populations at an increasing rate.
More road mileage destroys habitat and interrupts turtle travel routes, and increases mortality opportunities.
More auto travel provides greater opportunity for road crossing mortality
Greater travel speeds gives less time to react to obstacles and wildlife
Larger vehicles with more and bigger tires cover a greater proportion of the road surface
Greater use of in-car technologies encourages less attention outside of vehicle.
Collection from the wild and from roads as pets (removal as pets has the same effect as death)
Habitat, edge, and fence row destruction for construction, aestethics, and for convenience.
Juvenile survival rates necessary for population stability are decreasing
Female Box turtles lay an average of 4 eggs per year.
Up to 20% of the eggs may be infertile.
Embryonic development is often terminated by climatic stresses.
Predation destroys most or all nests.
Predation destroys most surviving juveniles under 10 years of age.
Surviving juveniles need 10 to 17 years before becoming reproductively mature.
Box turtle predator populations are out of control due to restrictive hunting regulations and few preditors.
The current Land Management approach to Box tutle conservation.
Waiting for obvious population declines before implementing conservation measures is a dead end strategy.
Long lived species introduce critical delay lapses in Natural Resource Management response
The political preference for preserving rapidly reproducing, over-populated Box turtle predators by uneducated,
ignorant and uncaring wildlife game and land managers and law makers recognizing no monitary profit in
advancing the numbers of non-game species that for which no hunting license or other fees can be assessed.
"Lazy" Game Manager and Wildlife Conservation coordination/cooperation is preserving and even increasing
numbers of wildlife species not in need of protection, and providing little or no protection to species which have
little economic (tax and license fee) value to sport hunting and fishing.
The conservation of a species named "Terrapene carolina" is distasteful to politically oriented legislators in
Virginia who refused to even consider the Eastern Box turtle for the state reptile.